Jimson Weed is a painting by the late American artist Georgia O'Keeffe.
She painted it in 1936 and it is now owned by the Indianapolis Museum of Art. Elizabeth Arden commissioned the work to go in the Gymnasium Moderne of her Fifth Avenue Salon, New York City. It's full title is Jimson Weed / White Flower No. 1.
Arden paid $10,000 dollars for this artwork, which was the largest floral painting the artist ever completed. It is an oil on linen painting measuring 180 by 212 centimetres.
It is almost the most expensive painting ever sold by a female artist at auction, selling for over $44m. The painting consists of four flowers in an energetic design that replicates the pinwheel shaped flowers.
The fresh beauty of the flowers was emphasised with a bright, simplified palette and rhythmic treatment of light and shadow.
The significance of this painting within the career of O'Keeffe is underlined by how it was chosen as the centerpiece to a large artist retrospective at the Tate Modern, London in 2016.
That exhibition drew in millions of visitors and helped to promote her work to those who perhaps were previously unaware of it. It is much rarer for art fans in Europe to be able to see her work first hand than in her native US, where most of her paintings remain in ownership.
The Tate displayed around 100 of her original works, covering the variety of content that she used during her life, from over-sized flowers, to animal bones and skulls and landscapes of New Mexico. Her portraits of New York skyscrapers were also included.
The prominence of this major international art venue ensured that they were able to put together the largest Georgia O'Keeffe exhibition ever seen outside the United States. The stunning impact of Jimson Weed made it the ideal figurehead for the collection, as well as the publicity that had surrounded it over recent years.
It is believed that O'Keeffe, a keen gardener, actually some of this plant flowering in her own garden and the choice of it for the exercise room of her client was to encourage others to 'unfurl' themselves.
Compositions of highly magnified natural forms are Georgia O'Keeffe's signature style. Examples of this on this website include Oriental Poppies, The White Calico Flower, Petunias and Red Canna, amongst others.
She once said that she painted them so big so that even busy New Yorkers would stop and see flowers in the way that she did.
O'Keeffe was also recognised for her paintings of New York skyscrapers and New Mexico landscapes, and was known as 'the Mother of American Modernism'. The movement began at the start of the twentieth century.
It was marked by the exploration of different techniques and artistic expression. Georgia O'Keeffe was known as a painter who pushed the boundaries of American art.